Any service I can set up redundantly I, obviously, do. A couple years ago I set up redundant ldap servers. Last year my certificated expired and I generated new ones, not paying any attention to the serial id. Unfortunately, I generated two certificates with duplicate serials. sssd recognized that and failed to authenticate users via ldaps. My company’s security requirements are relatively lax so I’ve just been authenticating over insecure ldap. That just annoys the hell out of me, though, and I’ve been wanting to fix it - but fix it the right way. Since I can’t buy a CA from one of the big boys, I wanted to run my own CA server.

I found Dogtag, the Fedora version of Red Hat Security System, and tried installing it on CentOS. Though it installs and configures, the web ui is unusable. The Red Hat rpms were designed to be used with Red Hat Security System. Without that, the ui templates are blank. So I tried again with Fedora. Just a few minor hitches but all-in-all a fairly simple install.

The hitches

I installed in Fedora 17 (I already had an image). Apparently there’s some dependencies that are not accounted for, mostly selinux related. To install, first upgrade your packages.

yum -y upgrade

Install semanage to satisfy an installation script requirement.

yum -y install policycoreutils-python

Install Dogtag

Install 389 Directory Service and Dogtag packages.

yum -y install 389-ds dogtag-pki dogtag-pki-ca-theme dogtag-pki-common-theme \
  dogtag-pki-console-theme dogtag-pki-kra-theme dogtag-pki-ocsp-theme dogtag-pki-ra-theme \
  dogtag-pki-tks-theme dogtag-pki-tps-theme

Configure the directory service (I use keepcache in order to save the inf for puppet).

/usr/sbin/ --keepcache

This program will set up the 389 Directory Server.

It is recommended that you have "root" privilege to set up the software.
Tips for using this  program:
  - Press "Enter" to choose the default and go to the next screen
  - Type "Control-B" or the word "back" then "Enter" to go back to the previous screen
  - Type "Control-C" to cancel the setup program

Would you like to continue with set up? [yes]: yes

Your system has been scanned for potential problems, missing patches,
etc.  The following output is a report of the items found that need to
be addressed before running this software in a production

389 Directory Server system tuning analysis version 23-FEBRUARY-2012.

NOTICE : System is x86_64-unknown-linux3.3.4-5.fc17.x86_64 (2 processors).

NOTICE : The net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time is set to 7200000 milliseconds
(120 minutes).  This may cause temporary server congestion from lost
client connections.

WARNING: There are only 1024 file descriptors (soft limit) available, which
limit the number of simultaneous connections.  

WARNING  : The warning messages above should be reviewed before proceeding.

Would you like to continue? [no]: yes

Choose a setup type:

   1. Express
       Allows you to quickly set up the servers using the most
       common options and pre-defined defaults. Useful for quick
       evaluation of the products.

   2. Typical
       Allows you to specify common defaults and options.

   3. Custom
       Allows you to specify more advanced options. This is 
       recommended for experienced server administrators only.

To accept the default shown in brackets, press the Enter key.

Choose a setup type [2]: 

Enter the fully qualified domain name of the computer
on which you're setting up server software. Using the form
. Example: To accept the default shown in brackets, press the Enter key. Warning: This step may take a few minutes if your DNS servers can not be reached or if DNS is not configured correctly. If you would rather not wait, hit Ctrl-C and run this program again with the following command line option to specify the hostname: Computer name [pkica.domain.dom]: ============================================================================== The server must run as a specific user in a specific group. It is strongly recommended that this user should have no privileges on the computer (i.e. a non-root user). The setup procedure will give this user/group some permissions in specific paths/files to perform server-specific operations. If you have not yet created a user and group for the server, create this user and group using your native operating system utilities. System User [nobody]: System Group [nobody]: ============================================================================== The standard directory server network port number is 389. However, if you are not logged as the superuser, or port 389 is in use, the default value will be a random unused port number greater than 1024. If you want to use port 389, make sure that you are logged in as the superuser, that port 389 is not in use. Directory server network port [389]: ============================================================================== Each instance of a directory server requires a unique identifier. This identifier is used to name the various instance specific files and directories in the file system, as well as for other uses as a server instance identifier. Directory server identifier [pkica]: ============================================================================== The suffix is the root of your directory tree. The suffix must be a valid DN. It is recommended that you use the dc=domaincomponent suffix convention. For example, if your domain is, you should use dc=example,dc=com for your suffix. Setup will create this initial suffix for you, but you may have more than one suffix. Use the directory server utilities to create additional suffixes. Suffix [dc=domain, dc=dom]: ============================================================================== Certain directory server operations require an administrative user. This user is referred to as the Directory Manager and typically has a bind Distinguished Name (DN) of cn=Directory Manager. You will also be prompted for the password for this user. The password must be at least 8 characters long, and contain no spaces. Press Control-B or type the word "back", then Enter to back up and start over. Directory Manager DN [cn=Directory Manager]: Password:  Password (confirm):  Your new DS instance 'pkica' was successfully created. Exiting . . . Log file is '/tmp/setupxZqVF7.log' 

Start up Dogtag.

pkicreate -pki_instance_root=/var/lib    \
          -pki_instance_name=pki-ca          \
          -subsystem_type=ca                 \
          -agent_secure_port=9443            \
          -ee_secure_port=9444               \
          -ee_secure_client_auth_port=9446   \
          -admin_secure_port=9445            \
          -unsecure_port=9180                \
          -tomcat_server_port=9701           \
          -user=pkiuser                      \
          -group=pkiuser                     \
          -redirect conf=/etc/pki-ca         \
          -redirect logs=/var/log/pki-ca 

PKI instance creation Utility ...

Capturing installation information in /var/log/pki-ca-install.log
[error] Failed setting selinux context pki_ca_port_t for 9180.  Port already defined otherwise.
[error] Failed setting selinux context pki_ca_port_t for 9701.  Port already defined otherwise.
[error] Failed setting selinux context pki_ca_port_t for 9443.  Port already defined otherwise.
[error] Failed setting selinux context pki_ca_port_t for 9444.  Port already defined otherwise.
[error] Failed setting selinux context pki_ca_port_t for 9446.  Port already defined otherwise.
[error] Failed setting selinux context pki_ca_port_t for 9445.  Port already defined otherwise.

PKI instance creation completed ...

Installation information recorded in /var/log/pki-ca-install.log.
Before proceeding with the configuration, make sure 
the firewall settings of this machine permit proper 
access to this subsystem. 

Please start the configuration by accessing:


After configuration, the server can be operated by the command:

    /bin/systemctl restart pki-cad@pki-ca.service

Open your iptables ports 9180/tcp, 9701/tcp, 9443-9446/tcp.

Begin configuring Dogtag using Firefox (not Chrome!). As it says, open the link. You should be able to safely step through all the defaults to the end. Set the same password on the directory service configuration. Probably add your own admin data.